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1、修道和修德是何关系

问:修炼强调修德,认为"无德不养道",试问修炼和修德有何关系?

答:

传统道家学说认为,人的先天真性,本与太虚同体,清静洁白,空洞虚无。下生之后,产生种种后天妄心,如云遮月,蒙蔽真性,造成修道障碍,念想难除,妨害道修。修德的目的,从静修的角度来讲,是要培养个人谦虚、柔和、忘我、不争的坦荡胸怀,净化心灵,去妄归真,再去下功,则入静易而进功深,所谓:"德正则心安,心安则炁顺。"相反,若无修德之熔炼,则心神不清,性地不纯,如此心态,去做修炼功夫,无异沙地造厦。所以修炼强调修德,乃与个人的修功息息相关,有德就有道,无德即失道,道以德为基,德高道更高。

从社会意义上来说,提倡修德,使人与人之间形成团结、互助、真诚、和睦的关系,有益于社会风气的好转和生活环境的安定。

道家修德,进一步还要求推诚万物,"昆虫草木犹不可伤",提倡以好生之德,保护自然环境。

因此道家修炼所提倡的修德,并不局限于狭隘的个人修炼,这种广义的道德观,体现了真实的道德价值,既有社会价值,又有个人价值,个人修德有益于社会,利济他人就是升华自己。《老子》云:"圣人不积,既以为人己愈有,既以与人己愈多。"出世的修真之学,与入世的为人之道,"独善其身"与"兼善天下",二者并不抵触,而是互补协调的统一。

明白了修德,大道就在眼前,人人可为,所谓"百姓日用而不知"。

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